How to take a good photo – Composition

How to take a good photo – Composition

composition
noun
the act of combining parts or elements to form a whole

Dictionary.com’s definition of composition is a good way to describe photography composition as well
Learn these simple techniques to combine the parts or elements of your photo which will transform your photography skills
The two key area’s to create a stunning photograph is composition and lighting

If you get the composition correct when taking the photo this avoids cropping the image later

 


It is easy to focus on the subject in your photo and not see what is in the background
The bin in this image detracts from the subject of the photo, consider the content as a whole

The image could have been cropped, but by changing the angle of the shot can avoid the bin
(Only to find another bin although not as brightly coloured)
Have a look for a suitable place to take your photo, consider the surroundings as well as the subject

 


Although this is known as the rule of thirds, it is a guideline, which does not have to be applied to every photo
Generally most photos which a specific subject benefit from this ‘rule’

When framing your image divide it up into nine equal rectangles, so there’s an overlaid grid on it
The subject of your image should be placed at the intersection of these gridlines and if possible any lines within your image following the gridlines as well

The theory is that this creates a more balanced photo as it allows the viewer’s eye to move around the image more naturally
Studies have found that people’s eyes tend to go to one of these intersection points first rather than dead centre
This is why family family photographs can look so dull  it’s natural to place the subject in the centre of the frame!

To improve the photo of the dogs, a completely different angle has been used (removing the bins)
The dogs are framed to place them where the gridlines cross
The horizon follows the top gridline
This creates a far more balanced and pleasing photograph

 


If possible take advantage of lines in the photograph to draw the eye to the subject
In this image the hedgerows and field boundaries draw lines leading to the main subject

The image follows the rule of thirds closely enough to create an impact
The rule does not need to be followed accurately in this case some space behind the dog balances to image

 


Leave space in front of the subject, in the direction they are facing
How much space can depend on what else is in the frame, who/what the subject is, just consider this whilst framing your shot.

This also applies to vehicles
With space for where the subject is going creates a scene
Suggests movement, a story

 

Back to the image of the dogs we started with, apart from the other compositional tips, one improvement is to get down to their level
If possible get right down to their level, this could apply to a small child, a flower, but you become part of their world
Taking the picture from standing can detach you from the subject


Again the same applies for vehicles
Get down low and this creates a more dramatic effect!

 

Sometimes you can ignore these guidelines and have fun
Combine these techniques to suit each subject and scene
Practice compositions to suit your style
Bear these techniques in mind whilst framing your images for good results